(No.122) New gTLDs: Implications and Potential for Community Engagement, advocacy and Development
Question 2 of IG4D Thematic Cluster 1 "Pending Expansion of the Top Level Domain Space"
The ICANN’s new generic Top Level Domain (gTLD) programme is a big topic within the Internet industry, but appears to have received little community interest with only 4% of new gTLD applications marked as being community-related. Few measures have been taken to facilitate the participation and engagement of communities, particularly those from the developing world. Keeping in mind that the Internet should remain open and diverse, the new gTLD process should also reflect this principle and support the participation of communities and NGOs in addition to that of businesses. This workshop will consider the implications and potential of new gTLDs for community engagement, advocacy and development. It aims to uncover the difficulties encountered by some communities in participating in the new gTLD process and to identify the type of support needed for effective engagement.
Aspects to be covered by the workshop include:
1. Potential of New gTLDs in Community Engagement, Development and Advocacy
(a) Can new gTLDs support community engagement, development and advocacy? If so, how, and are there examples where learning can be drawn? (b) What impact would ownership of gTLD registry have on this potential (i.e., does it make a difference if a community gTLD Registry is operated by the community itself or by a business entity?)
2. Boundaries of Developing World Communities
Entities from the developing world are usually given priority in development programmes. However, there are many minorities or under-served communities that are transnational and cannot be clearly defined as from the developing world. The “kids” community is one such example. Other examples may include the African diaspora beyond the African continent. How can the engagement of such communities be encouraged and on what basis can prioritization of new gTLD applications from such communities be argued?
3. Funding Support and Sustainable Business Models
NGOs and communities may have a low economic capability given their not-for-profit nature. For example, it is common for them to encounter difficulties in securing commercial funding. (a) In cases where communities would like to “own” their new gTLD registries, what kind of funding support should be accorded to them and what kind of business models can they adopt to ensure sustainability? (b) What kind of partnerships with business entities would be supportive of community ownership?
4. Awareness Raising and Capacity Building
Many NGOs or communities are still unfamiliar with the Internet, let alone gTLDs.
(a) What are effective ways of facilitating their understanding of domain names and gTLDs in particular? (b) What kind of support would be needed from industry players to help communities navigate the complex and expertise-based requirements of the new gTLD application and implementation process?
Asia, Australasia and Pacific Islands Regional At-Large Organization of ICANN (APRALO) and DotKids Foundation, Asia Pacific
Rinalia Abdul Rahim, ICANN At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) and Asia, Australasia and Pacific Islands Regional At-Large Organization of ICANN (APRALO) (Confirmed)
· Fouad Bajwa, Internet Policy Research Group at Oi2, Pakistan (Confirmed)
· Olga Cavali, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina (Confirmed)
· Edmon Chung, DotAsia Organisation, Asia Pacific (Confirmed)
· Scott Seitz, DotGay, America (Confirmed)
· Koffi Fabrice Djossou, DotAfrica, Africa (Confirmed)
· Andrei Kolesnikov, Coordination Centre for TLD RU, Russia (Confirmed)
· Cheryl Langdon-Orr, .au Domain Administration Ltd, Australia (Confirmed)
· Yannis Li, DotKids Foundation, Asia (Confirmed)
Remote Moderator: Ms. Bianco Ho, NetMission Ambassador, Asia Pacific (Confirmed)
Feeder Workshop Rapporteur to Main Session: Rinalia Abdul Rahim, ICANN At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) and Asia, Australasia and Pacific Islands Regional At-Large Organization of ICANN (APRALO) (Confirmed)